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Periodontitis is a group of oral health conditions that includes gingivitis and periodontal disease, which is also called gum disease. Advanced periodontitis can only be reversed through periodontal or gingivitis treatment in Denver from a dentist who specializes in periodontitis. Here is a look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for periodontitis.

Periodontitis Causes

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontitis, and without gingivitis treatment, gingivitis will progress to periodontal disease. Gingivitis is caused by poor oral hygiene and infrequent visits to the dentist. If you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly, plaque and tartar will build up on your teeth. This plaque and tartar buildup harbor harmful bacteria that can cause an infection.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

The primary symptoms of periodontitis are red, inflamed, tender gums. As the condition progresses, your gums may begin receding, and you may also experience bleeding gums. When gingivitis and periodontal disease are left untreated, pockets will begin to form at the gum line between your teeth and your gums. More bacteria will accumulate in these pockets, which will continue to grow. After time, your teeth will become loose without the gum tissue to hold them in place, and they will begin to fall out.

Periodontal Disease and Gingivitis Treatment Options

In order to effectively reverse gingivitis or the very early stages of gum disease, you will need to visit your dentist for gum disease or gingivitis treatment. This treatment may include antibiotics and a dental procedure called dental scaling and root planing. Advanced periodontitis may need to be treated by laser gum therapy. Laser gum treatment utilizes safe, effective dental lasers to remove harmful bacteria and infection from the gums. Your dentist will also recommend that you maintain a strict oral hygiene routine at home to prevent the recurrence of periodontitis. You will also need to visit your dentist every six months for dental cleanings and exams.

Periodontal Disease Treatment at Colorado Advanced Dentistry